The emergence of Japan as a great power in east Asia, in the economic field effect on Indonesia. The development of Japan can not be separated from the success of the Meiji Restoration (Japanese Modernization) in the late 19th century. Japan's relations with Indonesia has existed since the Dutch colonial era. In the late 19th century there has been no Japanese in Indonesia, but since the early 20th century people began to enter Japan to Indonesia, both as people who make their living or livelihood as a trader. The relationship is still limited to economic relations.

Since long the source of Indonesia's natural wealth (oil, rubber, bauxite, tin and other materials) is seen as strategic for Japan. This is mainly as a result of the success of the Meiji Restoration. Japan became the newly industrialized countries that require a variety of means of support. Japanese capital invested in the Dutch East Indies in general, engaged in the mining industry and sea transport.

Economic relations benefit both sides. Japan imported sugar and oil from Indonesia, while Indonesia import of cheap consumer goods from Japan. Indonesian exports to Japan the period 1918-1925 is greater than its imports. The period 1925-1928 import export ratio to be equal. Since 1928, Japan's purchases from Indonesia declined, while imports from Japan Indonesia remains high. Commodities sugar from Formosa (Japanese colonies) when it has good quality and do not need to bring in from Indonesia. As for how to produce sugar, the Japanese learned from Java (Indonesia).

The existence of economic depression in 1930 had a huge impact for Indonesia. Japan's economic penetration efforts in peace and at the same time expanding its intelligence activities. This effort got a lot of sympathy the people of Indonesia. Society welcomed the consumption of Japanese goods are cheap and decent service shop. In 1934, 31% of Indonesia's import from Japan. In contrast imports from the Netherlands declined to 9.5%.

Interaction of the two parties also occurred in the political and cultural as well as religious. Confidential relationship between political leaders of Japan with Indonesia (Sukarno, MH. Thamrin and Muslim leaders). In realizing the ideals Ichiu Hakko, Japan's direct view to the East Asia and Southeast Asia.

Relations with Indonesia in the social field of view of Japanese culture seems to see the development of Islam that stands at the end of Dutch colonial period. Development of Islam in Indonesia has been known since the 1920's Japan. In 1933, various activities undertaken with the aim to make Japan a protector of Islam. Japanese youths sent into Arab territory to study Islam and Arabic-language journal published (1935). In September 1939, Japan invited Muslim leaders from abroad to conduct Islamic Exhibition in Japan, Indonesia also invited. MIAI make contact with Muslim leaders from Japan, Prof.. T. Kanaya.

To study the material during the Japanese occupation in Indonesia subjects History XI high school social studies class, I tried to construct a simple summary in pdf format. You who are interested, please download the following link:

Masa Pendudukan Jepang di Indonesia

Hopefully this post can be useful for you.


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